Browse Tag by Treatment Options
Health (Men health)

Peyronie’s Disease Treatment

Although medical research does not provide an exact estimation, certain studies indicate that about 3-9% of men, especially those over 40 are mostly affected by this condition of the male reproductive system known as Peyronie’s disease. It essentially causes an erect penis to bent more than usual, and pain in the area. And this may give rise to unpleasant situations during sexual intercourse, and stress and anxiety in the affected person, as well.

What Characterizes the Condition?

The disease is marked and identified by the development of scare tissue (plaque), which usually occurs in the length/shaft of the penis. This area that develops the plaque contains tissues that are responsible for the erection of the penis. This plaque usually begins as a localized swelling, and develops into a hardened scar or a thickened area. In some people, the plaque may not be visible, but the effect that it has on the penis sure is. So during an erection, this hard tissue causes the penis to bent or curve in a way that is not considered normal. A common symptom in most men, is the penis arcing upwards, and less commonly, sharply downward or to one side. Because the disease forces the penis to form such extreme curves, the affected person experiences pain during an erection. However, in most cases, the pain reduces with time. Flexibility of the penis is greatly reduced due to this disease, which can surface overnight or develop gradually.

What Causes the Condition?

Peyronie’s disease, at this point of time, remains an idiopathic condition. Meaning, doctors have not been able to determine the exact cause of the problem. However, assumptions are that a trauma inflicted to the penis during sexual activity or in other situations, could be a major contributor to the development of the scar tissue. The penis achieves an erection when the corpus cavernosa (tube-like chambers in the penis; responsible for erection) are filled with blood, stimulated by sexual arousal. And these very chambers have a sheath of elastic tissue that stretches and makes the penis erect. So it might happen that an injury may damage this very elastic tissue causing inflammation. If the injury heals properly, then there are essentially no problems whatsoever, but otherwise, a scar tissue may get formed in the sheath, thus making it less flexible. And this, eventually causes the penis to bend in an abnormal way. In addition, some consider the same disease to be genetically inherited in nature. And there are a few studies which purport that it may be a side effect of certain medications, although no clinical evidence supports this.

Treatment Options

Having a condition such as the Peyronie’s disease, can be intimidating for the sufferer. But the good news is, it is completely treatable. In fact, people who experience mild or no pain at all during sexual activity or any difficulty in their sexual function, can do well even without treatment. Also, the doctor is less likely to recommend any treatment in a case wherein the penis’s bent is not severe nor worsening. Often, in all such cases, the condition resolves on its own.

However, if the deformity of the penis is so severe that it is causing extreme pain to the person, or keeping him from indulging in sexual activity, then Peyronie’s disease treatment might include invasive procedures such as a surgery. However, before suggesting for a surgery, the doctor may evaluate the condition of the patient that has been in the last 6 months; whether any changes have occurred in the curvature of the penis, or has the problem remained pain-free all this time. Now, there are various treatment options for Peyronie’s disease, when it comes down to surgery. And these options depend on the severity of the scar tissue, and also the penis length of the patient.
For someone with a severe form of the problem or a shorter penis, the surgery is performed on the part that has developed the scar tissue. The surgeon makes several incisions in the plaque so as to help the elastic tissue to stretch out thus, helping the penis achieve a straight erection. After the incisions have been made, the operated site is replaced by a tissue patch.
In a case, wherein the person has an adequate penis length, and a deformity not so severe, Peyronie’s disease is treated by operating the side of the penis opposite to the one that has the scar tissue. The surgeon removes a part of the unaffected side, and this cancels out the bend, resulting in a relatively straight erection.
Another option that some patients may be recommended to undergo is a penile implant. The implant is a replacement of the corpus cavernosa, which can be manipulated at will. The person may choose to bend it down, and up as required. This option, however, is reserved for people who not only have the Peyronie’s disease, but also the problem of erectile dysfunction.
If we go by theoretical findings, then experts are with the opinion that consuming vitamin E may help in reducing the scar tissue or inhibit it from forming. However, as I said, these findings are only limited to theoretical grounds, and are still debated when it comes to practical application.

To summarize, most people do not require to undergo all such treatment procedures to manage Peyronie’s disease, as the condition is self-limiting. Patients are usually advised by their doctor to follow a wait-and-watch procedure first. It is only in extreme cases that surgeries are suggested, given their high risk of causing side effects such as erectile dysfunction or shortening of the erect penis.

Health (Men health)

How to Handle Male Menopause

It’s not just the women who go through menopause. Men do too. However, there is a catch here. The male menopause or andropause has not been ‘well-defined’ by doctors. But, patients have shown symptoms as well as response to treatments. Well, ever heard of the midlife crisis that most men go through in their late thirties to their forties? They deal with the male menopause soon after. Ever since we are born till we die, the hormonal composition in our body keeps changing. In old age, the sex hormones understandably deplete. These hormones control the physical and sexual changes in your body as you pass through stages of puberty, adulthood and old age. These are estrogen and progesterone in females and testosterone in males.

Menopause marks the decline in their levels in human body. In women, menopause occurs with noticeable changes that end their menstrual cycle. However, in men, these changes are perceived as signs of old age. This is, however, true because sex hormones are the highest during youth and naturally decline towards old age, thus, affecting sexual health. Did you know? At 60 to 70 years of age, the testosterone levels in your body are about half of what you had when you were 25 years old.

Dealing with Male Menopause
Man-opause or andropause is the mechanism of the fall in the levels of testosterone, also known as androgen, in a man on the horizon of old age. The body produces lesser and lesser quantities of this hormone, which mainly helps provide the masculine pitch to the voice during puberty, extra growth of hair on face and body as well as the development of the male reproductive system. The symptoms of male menopause are the same as exhibited during old age. Hence, it is not recognized by all doctors as menopause since women cannot reproduce post-menopause but a man as old as 100 years can father a child. As legend has it, Thomas Parr, born in 1483 and the oldest man documented to have lived, fathered a child even after he crossed the 130 years age mark. In fact, in the year 2010, a 94-year old Indian laborer had a boy with his wife. The decline in the production of testosterone in men occurs at a much slower pace as compared to the female menopause. These changes are felt by men in late forties and early fifties. They become prominent by the age of 70.

Symptoms of Andropause
The symptoms are very similar to those experienced by women going through menopause. But, these symptoms reportedly disappeared once testosterone was artificially administered to the male, which does support the existence of the male sexual disorder. The drop in the level of testosterone in the male body leads to the following changes:

• Muscle weakness

• Loss of bone weight

• Memory loss

• Poor concentration power

• Frequent mood swings

• Osteoporosis

• Exhaustion

• Loss of stamina

• Depression

• Loss of libido

• Increase in fat percentage of the body

• Erectile dysfunction

• Testicular dysfunction

• Low sperm count

• Premature ejaculation

• Decreased frequency of morning erection

Treatment Options
If a man is suffering from andropause, he is examined by a doctor to rule out any diseases, because type 2 diabetes and hardening of arteries also trigger the andropause symptoms. A series of blood tests are required to be carried out to ascertain the testosterone level in the body. If the levels are low, a man does not have to worry as there is treatment available. A lot of men have favorably responded to hormonal replacement therapies that were administered to them to increase their testosterone levels. Since 1999, there has been about a 400% rise in the demand for testosterone therapy. But, you must note that these treatments may have some potential side effects on the body. If you are a prostate cancer patient, have undergone treatment for it, or have a tendency of prostate cancer in your family history, it is advised that you do not take such testosterone-increasing therapies as they may instigate or worsen the cancer. Other side effects include prostate enlargement, acne, thinning or loss of hair, sleep apnea and infertility. Other treatments include, making healthy lifestyle changes, adopting a nourishing diet to increase energy levels and a good exercise regime that is appropriate for the man’s age. You may also take psychiatric treatment to cure mood swings or depression. However, it is best to stay away from medications that may further disrupt the chemical changes in the body.

You must also take sufficient sleep as the amount of sleep has been linked to the level of testosterone in the body. Did you know? If you have abdominal fat around your belly, you will suffer from andropause sooner than your slimmer friends or colleagues. This is because fat converts testosterone to estrogen, so you are at the risk of depleted testosterone levels sooner. Just like menopause hits some women at a late stage, you may also delay the onset of menopause in your body by adopting a wholesome lifestyle for a robust body.

Health (Men health)

Mood Swings in Men

mh3Men are believed to be the ‘tough’ ones and so expressing their pent up feelings is assumed to be a sign of personality weakness. However, the fact is, the emotional range of men is quite similar to that of women. Just like women, men have changes in the hormone cycles and they can experience low levels of the sex hormone testosterone.

What Indicates Mood Swings in Men?

It is to be understood that the men of all ages experience hormonal changes, however, in the younger age group (mid twenties to mid thirties) mood swings because of hormonal imbalance is rare. Phases of short term depression or mental problems can trigger mood swings in younger ages.

Generally, mood swings due to hormonal imbalance is common in the age group of 40 to 60 years. Mood swings in older men is basically a primary symptom of andropause, that is the result of low levels of testosterone in the body. Since testosterone is an essential male hormone, low levels of it can trigger behavioral changes in the personality of the individual going through andropause. The symptoms are as follows.

☞ Unexplained irritability and anger
☞ Worry and tension
☞ Frustration
☞ Demanding nature
☞ Sadness
☞ Impatience
☞ Showing symptoms of anxiety
☞ Aggressiveness
☞ Unloving and withdrawn behavior
☞ Depression

Causal Factors

Irritable male syndrome are generally a result of high levels of cortisol and low levels of testosterone. Many men are not able to understand the changes in their personality due to the changes in the hormonal levels and get depressed. Basically, cortisol is a stress hormone and normal cortisol levels ensure that we are able to handle stress without letting stress affect our health.

Medical experts explain that men are relatively poor in handling stress in daily life than women and so high levels of cortisol hormone secretion in men causes harm to muscles and bones and increases fat content in the body. Excess cortisol also affects the functioning of testosterone in the body and this eventually results in increased body fat and difficulty in handling stress. Although mood swings and depression are interrelated, long terms of depression are confused to be the causes of mood swings. Long term depression can trigger severe mood swings however, the fact is, that depression can be caused due to many other factors, that can include physical trauma, death of a near one, failure etc. Mood swings, on the other hand, are the manifestation of the hormonal and chemical changes happening inside the body.

Treatment Options

Treating mood swings is not very difficult if the root cause of the underlying problem is diagnosed properly. Generally, the first step is to go for a hormonal test and this is especially true for older men above 40 years of age. As stated earlier, hormonal imbalance in younger ages is rare, however younger men experiencing mood swings can be counseled by a psychiatrist and the problem can be identified. It can be depression or any other mental trauma that could cause mood swing in the younger age group. Again, I would like to stress the fact that mood swings and depression are interrelated and correct diagnosis is essential to treat the disorder.

Extreme mood swings with hormonal imbalance, can be treated by administering synthetic hormones or by hormone replacement therapy for men. In many cases, testosterone therapy is also advised to many men. Besides these, learning the art of stress management and following a healthy lifestyle can go a long way in treating the mood swings.